Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
The Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is one of the best and famous wildlife sanctuaries
in India. It is the only wildlife sanctuary in India that is artificially
made by a Maharaja. One of the finest bird sanctuaries in the world, Bharatpur
Bird Sanctuary is located in Bharatpur city of Rajasthan and also known
as the Keoladeo Ghana National Park. Indigenous water birds and many migratory
water birds can be seen in this sanctuary along with larger animals such
as Sambhar, Chital, Nilgai and Boar.
The foundation of this Bharatpur wildlife sanctuary was laid in 1760
when the Maharaja of Bharatpur made an artificial lake and the dam at
this very site to store the water brought by the annual floods in this
area. Over 300 bird species are found in this 29-sq-kms-wildlife park
of divided into the stretches of marshes, scrubland and grassland. It
got its name as Keoladeo Ghana Park on account of an ancient Hindu temple
at the centre of the national park devoted to Lord Shiva. The term 'Ghana'
is derived from Hindi, which means dense and refers to the thick forest,
which covers the entire area. Bharatpur became a national park on 10 March
1982, and was given the status of a World Heritage Site in December 1985.
The tourists mainly visit the Bird Sanctuary, as it is the second habitat
in the world that is visited by the Siberian Cranes in winter. When the
rivers of Siberia are frozen due to the extreme winters, the Siberian
Cranes visit the sanctuary to spend their winters in India. As soon as
the winters are over in Siberia, these huge cranes return to their breeding
Wildlife in Bharatpur National Park
The major tourist attractions of the park include the numerous migratory
birds from Siberia and Central Asia, who spend their winters in Bharatpur
bird sanctuary. The other migratory birds at the Bharatpur bird sanctuary
include several species of Cranes, Pelicans, Geese, Ducks, Eagles, Hawks,
Warblers, Wheatears, Flycatchers, Buntings, Larks, Shanks, Stints, Wagtails
and Pipits, etc.
Special Attractions at Bharatpur National Park
Bharatpur Government Museum :
The Government Museum at Bharatpur is
the major tourist attraction in the Bharatpur National Park, which preserves
the articles refreshing the royal past of Bharatpur.
Bharatpur Palace :
The Bharatpur Palace that stands with pride amidst
the park is a structural blend of Mughal and Rajput architecture. This architectural
marvel is quite picturesque to captivate the eyes of the tourists.
Lohagarh Fort :
The Lohagarh Fort in the Bharatpur National Park has
survived several attacks by the British regime.
Deeg Palace :
The beautiful Deeg Palace is situated 32-kms away from
Bharatpur. The strong and massive fortress was once the summer resort and
boasts of numerous beautiful palaces and gardens.
When to Visit Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
The ideal time to visit the Bharatpur Wildlife Sanctuary is from August-November
for the indigenous breeding birds and October- February for the migrant
birds. There are forest trails to be covered easily on foot or on a cycle.
You can also hire a rickshaw for bird watching tours. One can also hire
boats. A boat trip early morning or in late evening is the best in Visit
Bharatpur National Park. Keoladeo Ghana Park should be visited in winter,
which is the best time to visit the wildlife sanctuary. Hot summers and
wet monsoons should be avoided for the wildlife tour.
How to Reach Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
By Air : The nearest airport Agra is 56-kms from Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.
The place is also well connected with Delhi Airport, which can be reached
By Rail : The Bharatpur railway station is 6-kms from the national park.
The regular trains connect Bharatpur with all the major cities of India
such as Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur and Agra.
By Road : An excellent road network connects Bharatpur to all the major
towns of the Rajasthan like Agra, Jaipur, Delhi and its neighbouring states
like Uttar Pradesh and Haryana.